Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Anthem For The Civil Rights Movement - 2037 Words

â€Å"We Shall Overcome† by Peter Seeger, many would describe to be the anthem for the Civil Rights Movement or 1960s Civil Rights Movement (sometimes referred to as the African-American Civil Rights Movement although the term African American was not widely used in the 1950s and 1960s). It encompasses social movements in the United States whose goals were to end racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans and to secure legal recognition and federal protection of the citizenship rights enumerated in the Constitution and federal law. During this period many folk and blues artistes’ music were protest songs, to speak out against the justice of Blacks and other unconstitutional acts. These music not only protested the injustice but it brought together people of all ethnicity/race, social class and regions, in solidarity to form a major campaigns of civil resistance. The conventional protest melodies in the United States goes way beyond the nineteen cent ury and into the colonial period, the American Revolutionary War and the corollary. In the nineteenth century topical subjects for protest songs included abrogation, subjugation, destitution, and the Civil War among different subjects. In the twentieth century civil liberties, women s rights, financial injustice, governmental issues and war were among the well-known subjects for protest songs. This paper will explore the protest song â€Å"We Shall Overcome† and its impact on the civil rights movement and theShow MoreRelatedPersuasive Essay On The Kneeling Movement1437 Words   |  6 PagesStar-Spangled Banner has been instilled in almost every citizen in America as the National Anthem. It is ingrained that every person should show respect to the flag and the nation. In almost every classroom, students are told to stand facing the American flag with a hand over their heart and recite the pledge, or during any sporting, event fans are asked to stand to face the flag as a gues t performer sings the National Anthem. This is an American tradition that everyone is expected to follow. However, whatRead MoreThe North And The South1257 Words   |  6 Pagesabolitionists encouraged a Civil War through their actions of protest. Abolitionists foresaw a Civil War because the growing tensions between the North and the South became apparent in political and social changes, slavery issues, and the growing occurrence of rebellions. Political and social changes occurred in many ways. One example of a social change includes The Second Great Awakening. As a result, the massive religious movement caused a numerous amount of reform movements such as abolitionism, publicRead MoreOutline Of A Speech On Civil Rights916 Words   |  4 Pagesnamed during the Civil War, fought during the 1960s, and is still lingering in modern society. C. I’m not African American, but I am an ally; I have friends and loved ones who are African American, and I cannot stand by and watch people die. D. This speech is about civil inequality in the 1960s, the importance of standing up against it, and how discrimination is still very much woven into the fabric of our society today. II. Body of Presentation A. In the 1960s, civil rights became an increasinglyRead MoreDon t Criticize What You Can t Understand1084 Words   |  5 Pagesculture. As a protest singer growing up in a racially tense time affected by the Vietnam War, he was heavily influenced by his background and the social issues of his time. He rose to prominence from â€Å"Blowin’ in the Wind† (which became an enduring anthem) and many other songs that influenced the young generation of the 1960s. Bob Dylan’s interest for music started from a young age. Born on May 24, 1941 as Robert Allen Zimmerman, he started writing poems at age ten (Jarnow). By the time he was a teenagerRead MoreThe American National Anthem By Francis Scott1075 Words   |  5 PagesBanner†). This symbolism of the strength of the American Flag, reflected upon in Keys’ lyrics, became the National Anthem a century later (Klein); and is still respectively sung today. The American National Anthem provokes images of glory, pride, family, and the American Dream in the minds of those who take part in singing. Athletic events are associated with the pride of the national anthem. Fans sing to pay respect and honor American soldiers: without soldiers fighting citizens would not have the freedomRead MoreJim Crow Essay1310 Words   |  6 PagesFrom 1877 throughout 1950 Jim Crow Laws have played a disturbing role in the lives of African American people. Although Jim Crow Laws were dismantled in th e 1950’s, its legacy continues to discriminate against African Americans and as a result, movements that fight against hate continue to surface. The purpose of Jim Crow laws was to separate black and white people from even the slightest bit of contact. In the early 1800’s white people believed blacks only existed to be put to work. They felt asRead MoreBlues Music Is Still Based On Emotional Pain914 Words   |  4 Pagescommunity, and encouraged his people to stand up for their rights. The 60’s were a tumultuous time for race relations in America, and this song became an anthem for the black power movement. I feel this song is a representation of blues music because James Brown uses this song for a more than just entertainment. He uses it as an inspiration to help black Americans to rise out of their dark times of segregation and fight for their rights. Brown’s intension for this song was a positive message to blackRead MoreEssay On Kneeling And The National Anthem1401 Words   |  6 Pages Kneeling to the National Anthem On September 21st, Christine Brennan reported Colin Kaepernick’s refusal to stand while the national anthem was being played in National Public Radio’s (NPR) online portal (www.npr.org). All through the National Football League s preseason matches, Colin Kaepernick, a quarterback for the San Francisco 49ers, refused to stand for the national anthem. He clarified that he took this stance to point out what he sees as wrongdoings against African-Americans and differentRead MoreThe Movie The Star Spangled Banner 1991 Words   |  8 Pagescitizens to honor their country and reflect on the great liberties that they are afforded. It sounds simple but the anthem has become complicated. This is America 2016, a time where police officers are getting away with murder and a businessman is elected as our president. When the quarterback of the San Francisco 49ers Colin Kaepernick decided to not stand for the playing of the national anthem in the pre-season game of the NFL, he was the first athlete to vividly illustrate his outrage over the policeRead MoreMusic That Made The Movement1495 Words   |  6 Pages Music that Made the Movement The United States is a country which was formed by the hard work of the First Nations people, the British, and African Americans. Unfortunately, blacks were subjected to slavery. In the 1900’s blacks were becoming more discontented, thus began the emergence of the civil rights movement. Along with rallies and peaceful protests, music played a very important role in bringing change to a society where white supremacy reigned. In addition to their efforts, jazz and blues

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Comparing Chinese Culture in Amy Tans The Joy Luck Club...

Chinese Culture Exposed in Joy Luck Club and Kitchen Gods Wife Traditional Chinese customs are described in great detail in Amy Tans books. This rich culture adds interesting and mesmerizing detail to the intricate stories of both The Joy Luck Club and The Kitchen Gods Wife. Traditions are apparent throughout all of the stories in The Joy Luck Club. One of the first instances is in the story from Ying-Ying St. Clair entitled The Moon Lady. Ying-Ying is describing the Festival of the Moon Lady, a festival dedicated to the lady who lives on the moon and once a year comes down to earth to grant your secret wish--something you want but cannot ask. This excerpt describes proper traditional dress (ornate clothing†¦show more content†¦Tyan-yu would be the leftover of his fathers spirit. But his father lived and his grandmother became scared that the ghosts would turn their attention to this baby boy and take him instead. So they watched him carefully, made all his decisions, and he became very spoiled (44). This passage shows that Tyan-yu is a spoiled baby who is selfish. It also shows that an unhappy marriage is in the cards for Lindo. Later, as she approaches the age of twelve, she is sent to live with Huang Taitai and Tyan-yu to become accustomed to their lifestyle and learn to be a good wife. She lives like this, unhappy, for four years until she turns sixteen. When she reaches the proper age, the wedding is planned. Lindo says Huang Taitai made elaborate plans, but our wedding was very small. She had asked the entire village and friends and family from other cities as well. In those days, you didnt do RSVP. It was not polite not to come...The cook and her helpers prepared hundreds of dishes. My familys old furniture had been shined up into an impressive dowry and placed in the front parlor...Huang Taitai had even commissioned someone to write felicitous messages on red banners...And she had arranged to rent a red palaquin to carry me from her neighbors house to the ceremony (52). The last tradition that is described in great detail in this story is that of the red candle. This was a traditional wedding custom. The candle had two ends

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Alcoholism Culturally Free Essays

Alcoholism can be defined in accordance to three distinct dimensions. Culturally, alcoholism is defined as a form of deviant drinking behavior that falls outside what culture perceives as the acceptable limits of alcohol consumption. This means that in some societies alcoholic behavior may be viewed as normative as opposed to cultural; perceptions in another society. We will write a custom essay sample on Alcoholism Culturally or any similar topic only for you Order Now Behaviorally, alcoholism assumes definitions that distinct between alcohol use, misuse and abuse. In this context alcohol misuse denotes the expression of adverse consequences of alcohol use. Alcohol abuse is definitive of a pattern of chronic and excessive alcohol consumption the effects of which express themselves as adverse physical, social and or behavioral consequences. Physiologically, alcoholism is defined with respect to alcohol addiction, habituation or dependence. Despite this diversity of definitions only the medical definition of alcoholism offers a succinct distinction as it relies on both the behavioral and physiologically based definitions(Steinglass, 31). Alcoholism can thus be defined as an addictive dependency on alcohol induced craving accompanied by loss of control, complete physical dependence on alcohol and withdrawal symptoms Medically therefore alcoholism is understood to be a product of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. Alcoholism is caused by grossly intricate, complex, interconnected and interrelated psychological, physiological, social and genetic factors (Kansal Kamal 1). Usually a variety of factors lead to the development of alcoholism. Social factors include the influence of friends, peers, family, the availability of alcohol, and the perceptions of the society. Psychological factors include inadequate coping mechanisms, elevated stress levels, and reinforcement of the use of alcohol from other drinkers. There is also a growing controversy over evidences that alcoholism may be caused by biologic and genetic predispositions (Powell 24). Recent genetic studies have confirmed that when D2 dopamine receptor gene is passed on from the parents to the siblings in a specific form, chances of developing alcoholism are enhanced. Alcohol addiction or rather physical dependence on alcohol follows a gradual drinking pattern. With every pint of alcohol consumed the balance of chemicals in the brain like gamma aminobutyric acid which is responsible for the inhibition of impulsiveness, and another neurochemical glutamate which is responsible for nervous system excitation, are altered. Alcohol raises dopamine levels in the brain hence creating the pleasurable feeling that is usually associated with alcohol consumption. With time, excessive alcohol consumption depletes or increases the levels of such neurochemicals. The resultant effect is that a level of craving is created where an individual will have to additively consume alcohol to restore good feelings or degenerate into withdrawal symptoms. Based on studies comparing the size of amygdala, researchers have been able to significantly correlate the size of amygdala and the addiction process. Because the size of amygdala is inherited and that it is home to neurotransmitters, it may contain the link between alcoholism and psychological predisposing factors such as stress and anxiety. It is also postulated that inheritance of a dysfunction in serotonin transmission my be to blame for the degree of alcohol tolerance. Since serotonin is involved in well being behaviors such as eating, relaxing, sleeping as well as aggressive and impulsive behaviors any dysfunction in its transmission is bound to predispose an individual to alcoholism. Factors that contribute to the addiction process can be sub categorized as; genetic factors, emotional state factors, physiological factors, and socio-cultural factors. Genetic factors may cause an individual to develop a degree of vulnerability. This vulnerability is caused by an imbalance in neurochemicals. Emotional state factors can either be stress, emotional pain or anxiety. These factors predispose a one to engage in alcohol consumption as a means of blanketing out undesirable emotions. Some hormones that are responsible for the development of stress, anxiety and depression have also been incriminated in the progression to alcoholism. Socio-cultural factors play a very important role in the development of alcoholism. Some cultures perceive alcohol as a rite of adulthood or manliness. In such culture the media has been instrumental in glamorizing the consumption of alcohol through catchy phrasals and visuals. Such adverts which are obviously aimed at increasing the profitability of the sponsor mislead a huge chunk of the general populace in thinking that excessive alcohol consumption is the modernized version of entertainment. Alcoholism is a medical condition and as such it is expressed as symptomatic progressive disease. This disease is predominantly diagnosed through adverse effects and behaviors. The adverse effects are based on functioning. Two basic diagnostic criteria are used. Usually alcohol abuse or alcoholism is related with a broad range of psychiatric, medical, social, legal, economic, occupational and family problems. So many of these symptoms are related to the descriptive of stage of dependency. Early signs of the disease include; frequent pursuit of intoxication which progresses into a well established heavy drinking pattern. During these circumstances an individual may blackout, experienced a drastic change in demeanor while consuming alcohol and exhibit impulsive behaviors such as anger and unaccustomed violence. Other symptoms include; drunken driving, absence from work, shirking of responsibilities and basically having trouble with the law. In the absence of alcohol dependence acute intoxication can be fatal or cause mental damage. Another symptom is family problems. In most cases individuals suffering from alcoholism may be characterized by divorce, child abuse and neglect, spouse abuse, criminal behaviors and welfare dependence. The problem is even more worsened if the alcoholics themselves strive to conceal and develop a culture of denial even though they can discern the cause of family problems. Fro this reason thousands of people suffering from alcoholism pass unrecognized by health professionals. Medically symptoms may be expressed in the form of alcoholism related diseases such as gastritis, pancreatitis, cirrhosis, neuropathy, cerebral atrophy, Wernicke’s encephalopathy, alcoholic cardiomyopathy, Korsakoff’s dementia, seizures, central pontine myelinolysis, confusion, hallucinations, peptic ulcers, malnutrition and gastrointestinal bleeding (www. mayoclinic. com). A second basic diagnostic criterion relies on the family history of alcoholism. When children from families without any history of . alcoholism are compared with those from families with a history of alcoholism, it is easy to demonstrate the fact that children of alcoholics are at an elevated risk of alcohol abuse, misuse and alcoholism. Moreover, history of alcoholism may also predispose the younger children to other forms of drug abuse, anxiety disorders, conduct problems and a host of psychiatric disorders. All these are predisposing risk factors. Just like any disease, alcoholism can also be mitigated by a set of medical and non medical interventions. Depending on various circumstances, the treatment program may encompass, an evaluation followed by a brief intervention. After this brief intervention the patient will be undertaken though an outpatient program and counseling or in other cases a residential inpatient stays (www. mayoclinic. com). Evaluation is mainly involves the determination of the level of dependence. Residential treatment programs carry out strategies like abstinence, alcoholism support groups (such as alcoholics anonymous), individual therapy and or group therapy, activity therapy, family involvement, educational lectures and in depth counseling programs. Medical interventions mainly include the treatment and management of the alcohol related diseases and disorders. Works Cited Alcoholism. http://www. mayoclinic. com/health/alcoholism Kansal, Kamal Kamal, Kansal. (2004). Homoeopathic Family Kit. B. Jain Publishers, p. 1-5 Powell. (2005). Alcohol. Black Rabbit Books, p. 24-25 Steinglass, Peter. (1988). The Alcoholic Family: Drinking Problems in a Family Context Taylor Francis, p. 30-40 How to cite Alcoholism Culturally, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Financial Reporting for Decision Making E-Marketing

Question: Discuss about Financial Reporting for Decision Making of E-Marketing. Answer: 1. Jeremy used the carsales.com website for purchasing his new car Ferrari. It must be noted that the company is concerned with the online classified and advertisement of cars during the financial year. The company also provides software data, financing the sales of cars and other predominant services to its customers. The directors report states that there were several indicators of domestic sales during the financial year, which contributed to the entire business performances of car sales.com. Key indicators of car sales.com during the financial year shows a 7% growth on the revenues of the retailers, which consisted of yields from premium advertisements of products. In addition to this, the company is usually interested in online mode off advertisement operating under the high growth international markets. Speaking about the revenues of carsales.com its private revenues experienced positive a growth of 8% in the automobile market having strong B2C segments arising out of sale of tyres. According to the directors report the performance is also dependent on the ability of the company to monitor and manage the chief aspects of projects. These projects mainly comprises of upgrading the websites and several other projects comprising of information technology. The reason for disagreement is that after considering both the qualitative and quantitative aspects of directors report, it is evident that Car sales is not a retailer but it is an advertisement company dealing in classified. Its main sources of revenue are exchanges obtained from the differences on the translation of foreign operational functions. 2: The issues that have been identified based on the Jeremys statement are as follows; Financial aspects: Car sales.com is a website, which deals in the sales of financial services with fewer amount of investment but high volume of profit margin. The financial aspects of car sales.com states that the company generally sells first hand cars to the customers and with the primary aim of promoting its websites (shareholder.carsales.com 2016). Whereas, the Car Max INC is trading in old cars so it may evident that car max is earning more income however, the profit margin is less than the carsales.com. It is because the car sales has low rate of investment with high margin of revenues. Operating aspects: Car max INC sells used cars but car sales on the other hand sell both first hand and second hand cars to its customer. The issues identified that is that carsales.com has direct tie up with the car companies therefore; it can provide cars to the customers at low prices. Hence, from the customers perspective carsales.com is widely accepted for making any purchase decision. Marketing aspects: Car sales consists of websites marketing, as it has the capability to reach more number of customers through the help of internet than that of car max INC which only reaches to the customers who are located nearby to its retail outlets. Therefore, the customers instead of looking around for the price of the cars it can move to the carsales.com websites to know the price of the cars. Reference list: Frank, J.F. and Pamela, P.P., 2016. Financial Management and Analysis. Kaplan, R.S. and Atkinson, A.A., 2015.Advanced management accounting. PHI Learning. Shareholder.carsales.com, (2016). [online] Available at: https://shareholder.carsales.com. [Accessed 17 Jul. 2016]. Strauss, J., 2016.E-marketing. Routledge.

Tuesday, March 31, 2020

The novel progresses Essay Example For Students

The novel progresses Essay There is no question that there is pain and intense suffering in this world. Some of it is explained by selfish, hateful actions on the part of others while other people are left to suffer whether it is physical, mental, or emotional pains. It is something that we do not deserve. The meaning to suffer is a sign of consequences but also can serve as a beneficial sign as in strengthen our inner faith and a reminder of our wrongdoings. One of these cases comes from the novel, Rush Home Road, by Lori Lansens where the main character, Addy Shadd faces some of these requirements and learns to overcome them the hard way. Throughout her past, Addys three stages of struggle gradually worsen as the novel progresses. One of the struggles that cause a permanent mark in Addys life was her difficult, unbalanced relationship with her mother. At the age of fifteen, she learns to be independent and enjoys showing off her physical appearance which her mother did not approve of. We will write a custom essay on The novel progresses specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Her mother, Laisa, was concerned about her daughter becoming a grown woman and was fully aware of glances coming from older men. She quoted, you aint no beauty, Adelaide Shadd, and its just as well to know that now. You got stick-out ears and hood eyes, and a long face like your Daddy, (Lansens 34). Laisa comments on this to prevent Addy from thinking thoughts of using her body as a centre of attention for men, especially Chester Monk, the love of her life. Addy hated receiving insults and negative feedback from her mother and felt like a useless person carrying them around. Laisa expresses no signs of affection or support that every daughter needs from their mother. Without love and care from her mother, Addy has a hard time balancing her difficult, misunderstanding relationship with her mother and loses the part of who she truly is. Therefore, she struggles in this way and depends on herself without the care from her mother. Impregnated and raped as a young teenager, Addy encounters her second stage of struggle. Raped by her fathers closest friend, she ends up in a world of confusion and guilt and questions herself why this is happening. Her parent no longer stood by her side and blames no one but herself for this matter, it didnt matter what Laisa and Wallace had been told. It didnt matter what they believed. The only truth was that Addy was to blame (Lansens 91). With both parents turning down on her with the exception of her brother, Addy remains motionless with the feeling of guilt planted inside her. The role of isolation bears within her with no sign of help and security. As a result, the struggling force enters in Addy and enhances her suffering even more by the cause and effect of rape. When death comes without warning, shock and disbelief can be overwhelming. This can be especially intense when the death is instantaneous and violent. In her final stage of finding her struggle, Addy faces the death situation of her daughter, Chick and her husband Mose in a train accident. All her life, Addy always wanted to raise a family of her own and wanted to move on with her new life ahead of her. Her dreams were soon shattered after realizing the death of her two loved ones leaving her isolated once again. She remembers her daughters last words, I got my Daddy for company. You have her, all right, Mama? (Lansens 453). Chick gives her doll to her mother to make sure that Addy remembers her daughter. The doll is the only memory left for Addy to treasure as a replacement of Chick. After the accident, Addy forgotten the taste of good times spending with her family and finding some way of accepting the way how God had intended to do with them. .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 , .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 .postImageUrl , .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 , .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476:hover , .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476:visited , .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476:active { border:0!important; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476:active , .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476 .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u43e8016bfaaf62f1084278f9883cf476:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Myth of sisyphus EssayAnd so, Addy had found struggle in which it puts her into desertion and away from the chance of happiness. In each stage representing struggle, all bare a great price in which impacted greatly on Addy, leaving her thoughts on human nature and life itself. Though some of these events are common in this world, it is still hard to question the pain and hardships struggles that every individual has to deal with. It is possible that we may relate our situation with Addys world and trying to overcome the struggles that she has done.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Pollution Lake Huron Essay Example

Pollution Lake Huron Essay Example Pollution Lake Huron Paper Pollution Lake Huron Paper Essay Topic: Water pollution Obviously, this type of pollution is easier to trace and manage. Non-point source pollution is defined as having contaminants that cannot be traced back to a single source or location. It may come from multiple sources in small amounts but can become concentrated in a body of water. The last type is atmospheric pollution, also referred to as air pollution and is defined as gases or solid particles such as soil which are found in the air and can settle in bodies of water. The contaminants described above come from a number of sources including storm sewers, spills, landfills and can enter Lake Huron via variety of methods including atmospheric deposition, direct discharges and tributaries. The effects on the economy are many and the most important one would the effects that these contaminants can have on human health. Pollutants that persist in the waters of Lake Huron can accumulate through the food chain in fish for instance. Frequent consumption of fish from these waters can cause high levels of toxic chemicals including EDT, dioxin, PCs, etc. ICC have been attributed to reproductive problems, neurological disorders and cancers. Those with weakened immune systems should Stay away from consuming fish from these waters. Other health issues can arise when drinking water becomes contaminated which can cause skin infections and batterer contaminations. Below is an example of point source pollution republished from womanlinesss. Com [pica Other economic factors to consider are the costs it will take to implement solutions to the pollution issues.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

NASA Case Study Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

NASA Case Study - Essay Example Even without physical examination, a break on the tubing means an inappropriate strength of materials used, as it was not able to withstand the pressure. One could quickly suggest poor estimation, poor quality of materials, and the aircraft mechanics were not really proficient or experts, or simply that the material engineers and management were simply experimenting on strength of materials having taken the risk. In the first place, before the materials were used it should have been accurately tried and tested to efficiently serve the function from launch time to the time when the spacecraft could have safely landed back on its pad on earth Definitely, the tragedy of Columbia Space Shuttle in 2003 was a learning lesson for the National Aeronautics Space Administration. But, it could have been prevented. Obviously, minor problems should be given the highest attention for resolution. This means that considering the extreme risk of a space travel by a space craft, no single edge of flaw should be tolerated. In other words, there should be a zero flaw on space shuttle structure and function. Moreover, a spacecraft should not have been attempted launched even for a single or minor imperfection. A completed checklist on parts and function should have been confirmed and reconfirmed by the experts to get a 101% assurance of perfection before set off. There should be ‘no rock left unturned’. Otherwise, there should be no room or space for ambiguity because everything can be calculated closest to precision considering previous projects of similar nature and the perspectives gained by the organizational manpower. In reality, the tragedy should not have happened (Roberto et al, 2006). Gross negligence is a real management problem and not simple ambiguity. This is because this is a scientific undertaking which follows protocol scientific pattern of doing things. Extensive